There are different courts in Dubai for different jurisdictions.
First Instance, Appeal and Cassation Court:
The First Instance Court has jurisdiction over all the violations, misdemeanours and crimes referred by Public Prosecution.
The circuits of misdemeanour cases consist of a single judge while circuits of criminal cases consist of three judges presided by one of them.
Decisions, orders and verdicts issued by this court are enforced by Public Prosecution.
The verdict can be appealed in the Appeal Court within 15 days after issuing the verdict.
The Appeal Court verdict can be appealed within 30 days to the Cassation Court.
Once the Cassation Court issues a verdict then it’s final. Cassation Court is the highest court in Dubai.
The Civil Court has jurisdiction into normal and urgent cases including petitions of attachments, orders of payments and complaints. It also deals with financial rights and legal positions.
It does not includes commercial, realty, labour, personal status or endowment or inheritance cases.
This court covers financial, corporate and legal centres meant to protect arising from commercial transactions.
This deals with the suits filed by employees against their natural or legal employers in private sectors as well as counter suits filed by employers in these cases.
Personal Status Court:
This court looks after Personal Affairs matters such as marriage and divorce as well as money matters.
It also supervises the performance of marriage officials and authenticates the documents issued by them.
Real Estate Court:
This covers disputes relating to property rights and the rights of any kind of subsidiaries and the rental disputes are excluded from this.